In order for you to have an aquaponics garden that flourishes, you will need a good, workable plan to begin with. The first tip would be to plan well. You will need to work on the location of the garden, the budget, the costs, fish, plants and anything else that you may need.
The second tip is the location. This is the most crucial decision you will have to make. The location will have to be beneficial to both the aquaculture and hydroponics system. The three main points to consider regarding location are temperature, sunlight and space.
The temperature should be fairly constant too without any drastic fluctuations. The system should not be subject to harsh weather conditions, strong winds or heavy rain.
The third tip for a thriving garden would be the correct selection of fish. The beauty of an aquaponics system is that it gives you the freedom to use the most types of fresh water fish. Goldfish, tilapia, koi, guppies, etc.
The only thing you will have to consider is the rules and regulations of the country or state you live in. Certain states have regulations that prevent you from keeping a certain species of fish. So, it would be best to do a quick check and see if what you’re doing is legal. Also, the number of fish you choose to keep depends on the size of your aquaculture system. It goes without saying that the smaller your tank, the less fish you can keep. Overcrowding will just lead to the fish dying. In aquaponics, balance is key!
The fourth tip will be aerating the water. It’s also known as oxygenation. Oxygenating the water serves two purposes.
Firstly, it provides much needed oxygen to the fish. Fish in closed environments such as tanks or man-made ponds require aerated water to provide them with enough air on a regular basis. If you see your fish constantly coming up to the surface to gasp for air, that means the water lacks oxygen.
Another purpose of oxygenating the water is to break down the ammonia from the fish waste into nutrients that will feed your plants. This is an important process for your aquaponics system.
The fifth tip is the additives. The aquaponics system is about using the nutrients from the fish waste to grow healthy, organic plants. In most cases, the nutrients in the waste water will be sufficient for the plants. However, in the event that the water is lacking certain nutrients like calcium, iron, etc., you may choose to add these additional nutrients to your plants to make them healthy and vibrant.
It may take a while to achieve just the right balance for your aquaponics system. Not to worry. It’s a trial and error process for most of us. Once you do achieve the balance, your system will be smooth sailing all the way.